World environment day was established on 5th June, 1972 by United Nations General Assembly in order to create awareness and take corrective actions against the issues related with environment. This day mark the formation of United Nations conference on the human environment. The first world environment day was celebrated in the year 1973.
Every year on 5th of June, world environment day is hosted in a different city with a theme related to environmental issues. The celebration lasts for one week and aims in promoting issues related to climate change, global warming, greenhouse gases, etc. and mitigation measures to tackle the issues.
This year’s Theme is Small Island developing States and climate change with the slogan “Raise your voices not the sea level”. It focuses on the development challenges faced by the small island and issues associated with environment like climate change, waste management, rising sea level etc. Barbados is the host nation for the year 2014, for conducting global celebration on world environment day. It is a small Caribbean island, with an approximate area of 430 square kilometer with a population of 2,70,000 people. Being a small island it is highly vulnerable to climate change, but it has taken big initiatives to promote sustainable development and renewable energy.